Reading
 

Reading

Online Reading Links- #22-#113 on Educational Resources page

1.1    Because of Winn-Dixie

Moving to a new town can be hard, and making new friends can be even harder.

With the help of her dog, Winn-Dixie, Opal is able to get to know Miss Franny Block, the local librarian. Miss Block tells Opal an exciting tale about a bear that once wandered into the library.

Skill:  Sequence

Sequence is the order in which things happen in a story. When you read, think about what comes first, next, and last. Several events can occur at the same time. Words such as meanwhile and during give clues that two events are happening at the same time.

                Vocabulary Words

grand excellent; wonderful

memorial helping people to remember a person, thing, or event

peculiar strange; unusual

positive without doubt; sure

prideful overly proud of oneself

recalls remembers

selecting picking out; choosing

 

1.2    Lewis and Clark and Me

You have probably never heard the story of Lewis and Clark’s journey told from the point of view of a dog. But Seaman is no ordinary dog. He tells his version of Lewis and Clark’s famous journey from his first meeting with the explorers to the moment when he was almost traded to the Native Americans.

          Skill:  Author’s Purpose

The author’s purpose is the reason or reasons the author has for writing. An author may write to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.

Vocabulary Words

docks platforms built on the shore or out from the shore; wharfs

migrating moving from one place to settle in another

scan to glance at; look over hastily

scent a smell

wharf platform built on the shore or out from the shore beside which ships can load and unload; dock

yearned felt a longing or desire

 

1.3    Grandfather’s Journey

A grandfather’s experiences, his journey to America, and his life in Japan all inspire the narrator to find parts of Japan and America that he loves and cannot do without.

Skill:  Sequence

Sequence means the order in which things happen. Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next, and last can help you understand the order of events.

Vocabulary words

amazed surprised greatly; struck with sudden wonder; astounded

bewildered completely confused; puzzled

homeland country that is your home; your native land

longed wished very much; desired greatly

sculptures works of art made by carving, modeling, casting, etc.

still to make or become calm or quiet

towering very high

 

1.4    The Horned Toad Prince

On the windy prairies of the Southwest, Reba Jo meets a horned toad who makes a deal with her. When Reba Jo doesn’t hold up her end of the bargain, the horned toad is offended and asks for a simple kiss to end the deal. That little kiss unlocks a magical spell, and the once-ugly toad becomes a prince!

          Skill:  Author’s Purpose

The author’s purpose is the reason or reasons the author has for writing. An author may write to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.

Vocabulary Words

bargain an agreement to trade; deal

favor act of kindness

lassoed roped; caught with a lasso

offended hurt the feelings of someone; made angry

prairie a large area of level or rolling land with grass but few or no trees

riverbed a channel in which a river flows or used to flow

shrieked made a loud, sharp, shrill sound

 

1.5    Letters Home from Yosemite

Yosemite National Park is an amazing place. In one visit, you can see giant trees, towering mountains, and interesting wildlife.

Skill:  Main Idea

A passage’s main idea makes a point about the passage’s topic and has at least one supporting detail. Details are smaller pieces of information that tell more about the main idea.

            Vocabulary Words

glacier a great mass of ice moving very slowly down a mountain or along a valley

impressive able to have a strong effect on the mind or feelings

naturalist a person who studies living things

preserve to keep from harm or change; protect

slopes land that goes up and down at an angle

species a set of related living things that share certain characteristics and that can interbreed

wilderness a wild region with few or no people living in it

 

2.1    What Jo Did

Imagine that you could jump as high as a basketball rim. That’s exactly what Joanna Marie, or Jo, could do. Jo makes new friends when she shows off her talent during a basketball game in which she is the only girl.

Skill:  Cause and Effect

A cause is why something happens. An effect is what happens. Sometimes a cause may lead to more than one effect. Some effects may have more than one cause.

Vocabulary Words

fouled in sports, made an unfair play

hoop a ring or round band

jersey a shirt that is pulled on over the head

marveled was filled with wonder; was astonished

rim an edge, border, or margin on or around anything

speechless not able to speak

swatted hit sharply or violently away

unbelievable incredible

 

2.2    Coyote School News

Ramón Ernesto Ramírez, known as Monchi, lives on a ranch in the southwestern United States. Life, like the bumpy road to school, isn’t perfect. Still, he enjoys writing for the school newspaper, celebrating Nochebuena, and helping with the roundup. Monchi is asked to help brand the cattle, so he has to decide whether to win the Perfect Attendance Award or to follow in the tradition of the vaqueros.

Skill:  Draw Conclusions

Drawing a conclusion is forming an opinion based on what you already know or on the facts and details in a text. Check an author’s conclusions or your own conclusions by asking: Is this the only logical choice? Are the facts accurate?

          Vocabulary Words

bawling crying out in a noisy way

coyote a small, wolflike mammal living in many parts of North America

dudes people raised in the city, especially Easterners who vacation on a ranch

roundup the act of driving or bringing cattle together from long distances spurs metal points worn on a rider’s boot heels for urging a horse onwards

 

2.3    Grace and the Time Machine

Grace and her friends build a time machine powered by imagination. Using the memories of Grace’s grandmother and Mrs. Myerson, a neighbor, everyone has fun experiencing far-off places such as The Gambia, Trinidad, and Heidelberg.

          Skill:  Draw Conclusions

Drawing a conclusion is forming an opinion based on what you already know or on the facts and details in a text. Check an author’s conclusions or your own conclusions by asking: Is this the only logical choice? Are the facts accurate?

          Vocabulary Words

aboard on board; in or on a ship, train, bus, airplane, etc.

atlas book of maps

awkward not graceful or skillful in movement or shape

capable having fitness, power, or ability

chant to call over and over again

mechanical like a machine

miracle a wonderful happening that is contrary to the known laws of nature

reseats sits again

vehicle device for carrying people or things, such as a car, bus, airplane etc.

 

2.4    Marven of the Great North Woods

When Marven Lasky is a little boy, he leaves his family to become a bookkeeper at a lumber camp. At first, it is difficult for Marven because the lumberjacks speak French and do not follow his Jewish traditions. But after Marven befriends Jean Louis, a lumberjack who Marven mistakes for a bear in the woods, he learns to accept his new home.

          Skill:  Fact and Opinion

A statement of fact can be proved true or false. A statement of opinion cannot be proved true or false, because it expresses a belief or a judgment.

          Vocabulary Words

cord measure of quantity for cut wood, equal to 128 cubic feet. A pile of wood 4 feet wide, 4 feet high, and 8 feet long is a cord.

dismay sudden, helpless fear of what is about to happen or what has happened

grizzly a large, gray or brownish bear

immense very large; huge; vast

payroll list of persons to be paid and the amount that each one is to receive

 

2.5    So You Want to Be President?

President of the United States is a tough job that many people strive to get. This book tells you what it takes to be president, but also how our past presidents stayed true to themselves and their unique personalities while in office.

          Skill:  Main Idea and Details

The main idea of a passage makes a point about the passage’s topic and has at least one supporting detail. Details are smaller pieces of information that tell more about the main idea.

Vocabulary Words

Constitution the written set of fundamental principles by which the

United States is governed

howling very great

humble not proud; modest

politics the work of government; management of public business

responsibility the act or fact of taking care of someone or something; obligation

solemnly seriously; earnestly; with dignity

vain having too much pride in your looks, ability, etc.

 

3.1    The Stranger

In late summer, a farmer hits a man in the road with his truck. The speechless stranger then spends several weeks on the farm. The weather stays warm into autumn, and the leaves around the farm remain green. The stranger realizes something is wrong. He leaves the farm, and the weather returns to normal.

          Skill:  Cause and Effect

A cause is why something happens. An effect is what happens. Sometimes a cause has more than one effect. To find an effect, ask yourself, “What happened?” To find a cause, ask yourself, “Why did it happen?”

Vocabulary Words

draft current of air

etched engraved: placed a design on a metal plate or glass surface using acid, which eats away the lines

fascinated interested greatly; attracted very strongly; charmed

frost moisture frozen on or in a surface; feathery crystals of ice formed when water vapor in the air condenses at a temperature below freezing

parlor formerly, a room for receiving or entertaining guests; sitting room

terror great fear

timid easily frightened; shy

 

3.2    Adelina's Whales

Adelina Mayoral lives in La Laguna, Mexico. Each January, the gray whales arrive in the lagoon near La Laguna and stay for three months before migrating farther north for the summer. Whale-watchers, scientists, and photographers visit La Laguna from all over the world to observe and interact with the whales.

          Skill:  Fact and Opinion

A statement of fact can be proved true or false. You can use a reference book or your own knowledge, or ask an expert, to prove it true or false. A statement of opinion cannot be proved true or false. It is a belief or judgment.

Vocabulary Words

biologist a scientist who studies living things

bluff a high, steep slope or cliff

lagoon a pond or small lake, especially one connected with a larger body of water.

massive big and heavy; bulky

rumbling making a deep, heavy, continuous sound

tropical of or like the regions 23.45 degrees north and south of the equator, where the sun can shine directly overhead

 

3.3    How Night Came from the Sea: A Story from Brazil

Why do we have day and night? A Brazilian legend says there was always daylight on Earth until the African goddess Iemanja’s daughter left her ocean home to marry a land dweller. When Iemanja’s daughter became homesick for the cool, shadowy world under the sea, her mother sent some of the darkness up to her, and now we have night on land as well as day.

          Skill:  Generalize

When you generalize, you make a broad statement or rule that applies to

many examples, such as All oceans contain salt water. Words such as all, most, always, usually, or generally help you to find generalizations. If a generalization is supported by facts or details, it is valid (logical). If it is not supported by facts and details, it is faulty (false).

Vocabulary Words

brilliant shining brightly; sparkling

chorus anything spoken or sung all at the same time

coward person who lacks courage or is easily made afraid; person who runs from danger, trouble, etc.

gleamed flashed or beamed with light

shimmering gleaming or shining faintly

 

3.4    Eye of the Storm: Chasing Storms with Warren Faidley

Storm Hunter In spring, summer, and fall, weather patterns produce thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes in the United States. Most people take cover from storms, but photographer Warren Faidley travels around the country to take pictures of them. In August of 1992, Faidley went to Miami, Florida, to take pictures of Hurricane Andrew.

          Skill:  Graphic Sources

Graphic sources help explain written information using visual material such as photographs, drawings, diagrams, maps, tables, and time lines.

Vocabulary Words

destruction great damage; ruin

expected thought something would probably come or happen

forecasts statements of what is coming; predictions

inland in or toward the interior; the land away from the border of a coast

shatter to break into pieces suddenly

surge a swelling motion; sweep or rush, especially of waves

 

3.5     The Great Kapok Tree

A man treks into the Amazon rain forest to chop down a great kapok tree but ends up napping instead. As he sleeps, the creatures that live in the kapok tree whisper in his ear, asking him not to destroy their home. When the man wakes, he looks at the animals gathered around him and decides not to cut down the tree after all.

          Skill:  Generalize

When you generalize, you make a broad statement based on several examples. Clue words like generally, usually, always, all, and most tell you that an author is making a generalization. A generalization can be valid (logical) or faulty (wrong). Sometimes you can tell when a generalization is faulty, and other times you must do research to find out.

Vocabulary Words

canopy the uppermost layer of branches in forest trees

dangle to hang and swing loosely

dappled marked with spots

fragrant having or giving off a pleasing odor; sweet-smelling

pollen a fine, yellowish powder released from the anthers of flowers.

Grains of pollen carried by insects, wind, etc., to the pistils of flowers fertilize them.

pollinate to carry pollen from anthers to pistils; bring pollen to. Flowers are pollinated by bees, bats, wind, etc.

slithered moved with a sliding motion

wondrous wonderful

 

4.1    The Houdini Box

Young Victor wants to be a magician like his hero, famed escape artist Harry Houdini, but his attempts at escape end up as disasters. One Halloween night, he receives a wooden box at Houdini’s house. Victor opens it many years later and discovers Houdini’s secrets.

Skill:  Compare and Contrast

When you compare and contrast, you tell how things are alike and different. Words such as similar, as, unlike, and instead signal a comparison and contrast.

Vocabulary Words

appeared came into sight, was seen

bustling being noisily busy and in a hurry

crumbled fell into pieces; decayed

escape to get out and away, get free

magician person who entertains by creating illusions

monument something set up to honor a person or an event

vanished disappeared, especially suddenly

 

4.2    Encantado: Pink Dolphin of the Amazon

One of the most mysterious animals on the planet is the amazing pink dolphin of the Amazon. Meet this unique and fascinating creature as you explore the rain forest with your South American guide.

          Skill:  Compare and Contrast

To compare and contrast means to tell how two or more things are alike and different. As you read, you may notice clue words for comparing and contrasting, such as like, similarly, however, and instead.

Vocabulary Words

aquarium a building used for showing large collections of live fish, water animals, and water plants

dolphins sea mammals related to the whale, but smaller

enchanted delighted greatly; charmed

flexible easily bent; able to change

glimpses short, quick views or looks

pulses regular, measured beats

surface the top of the ground or soil, or of a body of water or liquid

 

4.3    The King in the Kitchen

A peasant wants to marry a princess, but first he must guess what the king is cooking. He realizes that the king has made a wonderful glue that will make a fortune!

Skill:  Character and Setting

A character is a person in a story. You can learn about characters from what they do, what they say, and what others say about them. The setting of the story is the place and time the story occurs. Setting may or may not be important to a story.

Vocabulary Words

duke a nobleman of the highest title, ranking just below prince

dungeon a dark underground room or cell to keep prisoners in

furiously with unrestrained energy, speed, etc.

genius a person having very great natural power of mind

majesty title used in speaking to or of a king, queen, emperor, etc.

noble high or great by birth, rank, or title

peasant a farmer of the working class in Europe, Asia, and Latin America

porridge food made of oatmeal or other grain boiled in water or milk until it thickens

 

4.4    Seeker of Knowledge

No one could figure out old Egyptian writing until a young Frenchman solved the mystery. An ancient stone provided the clues, and Jean-François Champollion provided the solution.

          Skill:  Graphic Sources

Use graphic sources to help you understand what you read. Graphic sources include maps, charts, and time lines. A graphic source organizes information in a way that is easy to see. It can add to what you learn when you read.

Vocabulary Words

ancient of times long past

link anything that joins or connects, as a loop of a chain does

scholars learned people; people having much knowledge

seeker one who searches or tries to find

temple a building used for the service or worship of a god or gods

translate to change from one language into another

triumph victory; success

uncover to make known; reveal; expose

 

4.5    Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Slippery Salamander

A salamander has been stolen from the Den of Darkness in the town aquarium. Encyclopedia Brown, the police chief’s son, solves the mystery that has his dad stumped.

          Skill:  Plot

The plot is the story line or series of events that show characters in action.

After presenting some background, the story starts when a character has a problem. During the rising action the problem builds, and at the climax problems are met directly. Then during the resolution, the problem is usually solved and the story ends.

Vocabulary Words

amphibians cold-blooded animals with backbones and moist skin

crime a violation of law

exhibit thing or things shown publicly

lizards any of many reptiles with long bodies and tails and movable eyelids

reference something used for information or help

reptiles cold-blooded animals with backbones and lungs

salamanders any of numerous animals shaped like lizards, but related          to frogs

stumped puzzled

 

5.1    Sailing Home: A Story of a Childhood at Sea

Can you imagine eating, sleeping, playing, and going to school all at sea? That’s exactly what the Madsen family children did aboard their father’s cargo ship, the John Ena. The Madsen family shared many memorable events on the ship, from surviving frightening storms to celebrating the holidays.

          Skill:  Author’s Purpose

The author’s purpose is the reason or reasons the author has for writing. An author may write to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.

Vocabulary Words

bow the forward part of a ship, boat, or aircraft

cargo load of goods carried by a ship, plane, or truck

celestial of the sky or outer space

conducted directed; managed

dignified having dignity; noble; stately

navigation skill or process of finding a ship’s or aircraft’s position and course

quivered shook; shivered; trembled

stern the rear part of a ship or boat

 

5.2    Lost City: The Discovery of Machu Picchu

Professor Hiram Bingham goes on a journey to Peru to find the lost city of Vilcapampa. With the help of a farmer named Arteaga and a Quechua boy, Bingham finds something unexpected—the beautiful and mysterious city of Machu Picchu sitting among the clouds.

          Skill:  Compare and Contrast

To compare and contrast is to tell how two or more things are alike and different. Words such as similar, as, unlike, and instead signal a comparison and contrast.

Vocabulary Words

curiosity an eager desire to know

glorious magnificent; splendid

granite a very hard gray or pink rock that is formed when lava cools slowly underground

ruins what is left after a building, wall, etc., has fallen to pieces

terraced formed into flat, level land with steep sides

thickets bushes or small trees growing close together

torrent a violent, rushing stream of water

 

5.3    Amelia and Eleanor Go for a Ride

One evening, Eleanor Roosevelt asks her friend Amelia Earhart to dinner. In the middle of the dinner, these two brave and daring friends decide to take a ride in an airplane to see the city lights. Even after their exhilarating flight, they have enough excitement left in them to take a fast spin in Eleanor’s new car. It proves to be a memorable evening for the two friends.

          Skill:  Sequence

Sequence means the order in which things happen. Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next, and last can help you understand the order of events.

Vocabulary Words

aviator person who flies an aircraft; pilot

brisk keen; sharp

cockpit the place where the pilot sits in an airplane

daring bold; fearless; courageous

elegant having or showing good taste; gracefully and richly refined; beautifully luxurious

outspoken not reserved; frank

solo without a partner, teacher, etc.; alone

 

5.4    Antarctic Journal: Four Months at the Bottom of the World

Jennifer Owings Dewey is given a wonderful opportunity—the chance to see Antarctica for herself. During her four-month trip, Jennifer witnesses the life cycle of penguins, watches orca whales swim by her boat, experiences life without night, and narrowly escapes a dangerous fall into a glacier crevasse.

          Skill:  Main Idea and Details

The main idea makes a point about a topic and has at least one supporting detail. Details are smaller pieces of information that tell more about the main idea.

Vocabulary Words

anticipation act of anticipating; looking forward to; expectation

continent one of the seven great masses of land on Earth; The

continents are North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica.

convergence act or process of meeting at a point

depart to go away; leave

forbidding causing fear or dislike; looking dangerous or unpleasant

heaves rises and falls

icebergs large masses of ice, detached from a glacier and floating

in the sea

 

5.5    “Moonwalk”

While daring each other to jump over rilles, or narrow valleys on the Moon, Gerry and Vern get into trouble. Vern falls and hurts his knee while also knocking his battery, which gives him air to breathe in his spacesuit, loose. Luckily, the boys are able to get to a nearby shelter where Vern is out of danger.

          Skill:  Draw Conclusions

Drawing a conclusion is forming an opinion based on what you already know or on the facts and details in a text. Check an author’s conclusions or your own conclusions by asking: Is this the only logical choice? Are the facts accurate?

Vocabulary Words

loomed appeared dimly or vaguely as a large, threatening shape

rille a long, narrow valley on the surface of the moon

runt animal, person, or plant that is smaller than the usual size. If used about a person, runt is sometimes considered offensive.

staggered moved or walked unsteadily; wavered

summoning stirring to action; rousing

taunted jeered at; mocked; reproached

trench any ditch; deep furrow

trudged walked wearily or with effort

 

6.1    My Brother Martin: A Sister Remembers Growing Up with the

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Few people know about what Martin Luther King Jr. was like as a child. His older sister, Christine, tells stories of their childhood, full of love and fun. She remembers when her little brother “M.L.” told their mother, “One day, I am going to turn this world upside down.”

Skill:  Cause and Effect

A cause is why something happens. An effect is what happens. Sometimes one effect becomes the cause that can lead to another effect, which leads to another, and so on. This is called a chain of events.

Vocabulary Words

ancestors people from whom you are descended, such as your greatgrandparents

avoided kept away from; kept out of the way of

generations periods of about thirty years, or the time from the birth of one generation to the birth of the next generation

minister member of the clergy; spiritual guide; pastor

numerous very many

pulpit platform or raised structure in a church from which the minister preaches

shielding protecting; defending

 

6.2    Jim Thorpe’s Bright Path

It wasn’t easy for Jim Thorpe to become a famous and respected athlete. As an

American Indian, he was discriminated against and separated from his family. His twin brother died when they were only nine years old. His mother and father also died when he was still in school. But he learned to move forward with his life because he was so inspired by his family and his people.

Skill:  Fact and Opinion

A statement of fact can be proved true or false. Statements of opinion are judgments, beliefs, or ways of thinking about something.

Vocabulary Words

boarding school school with buildings where the pupils live during the school term

dormitory a building with many rooms for sleeping in. Many colleges have dormitories for students whose homes are elsewhere.

endurance power to last and to withstand hard wear

manual done with the hands

reservation land set aside by the government for a special purpose

society the people of any particular time or place

 

6.3    How Tía Lola Came to Visit Stay

One day Miguel’s Tía Lola starts to paint the family’s home purple and their landlord, the Colonel, orders them to paint it white or move out. Tía Lola designs purple and white uniforms for Miguel’s baseball team and names the team after the Colonel. The Colonel is so happy that he forgets about the color of the house.

          Skill:  theme and Character

The theme is the underlying meaning of a story. The author may state the theme directly, but more often, the reader has to think about the story in order to figure out the theme. Characters are the people or animals in a story.

Vocabulary Words

affords gives as an effect or a result; provides; yields

colonel a military rank below general

glint a gleam; flash

lurking hiding or moving about in a secret and sly manner

palettes thin boards, usually oval or oblong, with a thumb hole at one

          end, used by painters to lay and mix colors on

quaint strange or odd in an interesting, pleasing, or amusing way

resemblance similar appearance; likeness

 

6.4    To Fly: The Story of the Wright Brothers

When Orville and Wilbur Wright were young, they enjoyed playing with helicopter toys and building high-flying kites. Eventually, they started a printing business and a bicycle business to make money, but they never forgot about flying. They researched past inventions and ran experiments, which helped them to successfully fly their homemade aircraft on a memorable day in 1903.

          Skill:  Generalize

To generalize means to make a special kind of conclusion. A generalization is a statement that applies to many examples that all have something in common. Generalizations are called valid if they are well supported, and faulty if they are not.

Vocabulary Words

cradle a frame to support weight

drag 1. the force acting on an object in motion, in a direction opposite to the object’s motion. 2. to pull or move along heavily or slowly; to pull or draw along the ground

flex to bend

glider a winged aircraft without an engine; Rising air currents keep it up in the air.

hangars buildings for storing aircraft

rudder a flat piece of wood or metal hinged vertically to the rear end of an aircraft and used to steer it

stalled stopped or brought to a standstill, usually against your wish

 

6.5    The Man Who Went to the Far Side of the Moon: The Story of Apollo 11 Astronaut Michael Collins

In 1969, Michael Collins circled the moon in a command module while two other astronauts made their historic landing. Even though Collins did not get to walk on the moon, he knew that every part of being an astronaut, from seeing the Earth from miles above to eating freeze-dried food from a pouch, was an experience to remember.

         Skill:  Graphic Sources

Graphic sources show information in a visual way. Maps, charts, tables,  diagrams, and pictures are some examples of graphic sources.

Vocabulary Words

astronauts pilots or members of the crew of a spacecraft

capsule the enclosed front section of a rocket made to carry instruments, astronauts, etc., into space

hatch a trapdoor covering an opening in an aircraft’s or ship’s deck

horizon line where the earth and sky seem to meet; skyline; You cannot see beyond the horizon.

lunar of or like the moon

module a self-contained unit or system within a larger system, often

designed for a particular function

quarantine detention, isolation, and other measures taken to prevent the

spread of an infectious disease